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Types of Pain and Problems

S1 Joint Dysfunction

SI Joint dysfunction is more often than not confused with Sciatica. It may mimic sciatica but it is a different problem entirely. SI joint dysfunction is pain in the sacroiliac joint located at the base of the spine where it interconnects with the pelvis. Everyone has two SI Joints, one on each side of the sacrum. The two most common problems are hyper-mobility (too loose) and hypo-mobility (stuck or unmoving). When the joint has hypo-mobility it feels very tight or stiff. People with this type of pain typically twist themselves into various positions trying to get relief. Many times the fascia muscles and ligaments have shortened. One of the most common causes of SI joint dysfunction in females is childbirth. Prior to the birthing process the sacroiliac joints relax in preparation for the birthing process. After which the joints will tighten again resulting in SI joint dysfunction. Other causes may include a sedentary lifestyle and trauma, primarily to the tailbone area. Very often a deep tissue massage to the area will alleviate the pain.

More difficult to treat is the hyper-mobile joint. Pain from a hyper-mobile joint may be sharp and knife like. This pain can also radiate, or travel down the leg and sometimes feel like a burning sensation. There are many therapies to help a loose sacroiliac joint. One of the newest is prolotherapy. An irritant is injected into the joint causing inflammation and scarring in hopes the additional tissue will stabilize the joint.